Cochin is also known as Kochi, is a major port city of India on the south-west coast, by the Arabian Sea and is part of district of Ernakulam in the state of Kerala. It is also known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea and was an important spice trading centre on the west coast of India from 14th century onward. Occupied by the Portuguese in 1503, Kochi was the first of European colonies in colonial India. Cochin is also known as the Gateway to Kerala.
Cochin is famous for its world class port and the international airport which links it to many major cities worldwide. It is the first place to visit when you embark on your journey to explore the beauty of Kerala.
Below are some places which depict how this city has changed over the years.
- Marine Drive
Till 1980s, Shanmugham Road was the literal Marine Drive with Kochi Lake and adjoining Arabian Sea to its west. It was only after Greater Cochin Development Authority started the Cochin Marine Drive Project (following from Mumbai Marine Drive), that the present day Marine Drive (part of Kochi Lake, west of Shanmugham Road to present Marine walkway) was affirmed from Kochi Lake.
Built facing the backwaters, it is a popular hangout place for the local population. However, no vehicles are allowed on the walkway. Marine Drive is also an economically thriving part of Kochi.
2. Maharaja’s College
Established in 1875, it is one of the five centres of excellence in the state of Kerala. It is located in the heart of the city of Kochi and is spread over a campus of 25 acres on the banks of Vembanad Lake.
Old Students Association was formed in 1925 still functions on college campus and its members have been involved in many college activities such as, arranging lectures by prominent personalities and initiate restoration work in the college.
3. Cochin Port
This port was formed naturally due to great floods of Periyar in 1341 A.D. Since then, Kochi became one of the major ports with extensive trading relations between Romans, Greeks and Arabs, all of whom were lured by traditional spice wealth of Kerala.
Today, it’s one of the largest ports in India and is governed by Cochin Port Trust (CPT). The Modern port was established in 1926 and has completed 86 years of active service.
4. M.G. Road
This road was earlier a part of NH 47 A (which was earlier known as Seventy Feet Road) and was handed over to Corporation of Cochin later.
Today, it is one of the most important commercial road of this city and also the most congested roads of the city.