Indian crafts have always had value ever since they have were originated and been a source of fascination for everyone. They have been an integral part in the life of an Indian and are known throughout the world for their artistic aesthetics and grandeur. Handicrafts also bring a sense of grace to every home and they have a timeless quality.
In our country, every state has its own unique culture and craft techniques which have their own designs, colours, patterns and materials which are use. Over the years, various craft techniques have been preserved and revitalised by introducing them in contemporary designs.
Let’s have a look at few crafts which have valuable and will always be cherished for years to come.
- Chikankari Embroidery
This type of embroidery work is from Uttar Pradesh and is an ancient form of embroidery done with raw thread and needle. It requires a lot of creativity, precision and patience as it is done by hand and is a very delicate type of embroidery.
It is a type of work which originated in Gujarat and is very old. It was made popular by the Khatri community of the state and dyes were invented in the form of extracts from various plants, leaves and flowers, which were later applied to various fabrics. Bandhani fabric is dyed by tying the fabric into knots, which are strung by the hand in various places to form a desired motif. The most commonly used colours in Bandhani are yellow, green, red, blue and black.
This type of art originated in Mithila region of Bihar and is characterised its colourful close-to-nature designs and intricate geometrical patterns. The materials used are natural and is utilised on various mediums like textiles, home decor items and apparel too.
4. Gota Patti
The Indian applique technique of Gota Patti is an art which originated in Rajastan, utilizing real gold and silver lace traditionally sourced from Lucknow. A very intricate form of metal embroidery, this technique is also known as Gota Kinari or ‘Lappe ka Kaam’. The gold and silver metals have now been replaced with silver coated copper, however the majestic royal look of the Gota remains the same.
5. Block Print
Block printing began in the 18th century in Rajasthan and since then, has been passed down from one generation of skilled block printing artisans to the next. This craft has been traced back to areas which are now, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. It is the ancient art of stamping on fabric with blocks of wood drenched in natural dyes. It can take 5 carvers up to 3 days to create a pattern on the block. The designs are traced onto the surface and then carved with a hammer and chisel.